North America’s smallest falcon is also the most widespread. Normally hunts from a high perch, swooping down to capture prey. They have a wide variety of prey options and individuals will often specialize in one type or another.
What do they eat?
Primarily large insects; small mammals, birds and reptiles may fall prey as well.
How long do they live?
8-10 years on average in the wild.
How many can be laid at a time?
Typically lay 4-5 eggs at a time.
Where are they found?
Nearly all of North America.
Many birds in southern or middle latitudes are permanent residents; northern birds will migrate south for winter – younger birds traveling further than older adults.
Studies have shown they see in the ultraviolet wavelength. This means they can hover over a field, look for urine trails which will stand out, and follow these trails to a rodent or other small animal and prey upon it.