(Buteo lineatus) Red-shouldered Hawks return to the same nesting territory year after year. One Red-shouldered Hawk occupied a territory in southern California for 16 consecutive years. What does the red shouldered hawk eat? Red-shouldered Hawks feed on small mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and insects. How long do they live? Wild red-shouldered hawks live an average of 2 years. The oldest known red-shouldered hawk lived 19 years and 11 months. How many red shouldered hawks can be born at a time? Like most hawks, Red-shouldered Hawks build a stick nest in a tree. The female lays 2 - 5 eggs that are incubated for 33 days. The young hawks fledge about 45 days later. This bird is usually sexually mature at 2 years. Where are they found? Mature mixed woodlands near open water, clearings, and rivers are the favored habitats of this hawk. It has also shown a high adaptability to human-altered habitats, including urban areas. This bird resides in the eastern half of the United States and western California.
- Red-shouldered Hawks return to the same nesting territory year after year. One Red-shouldered Hawk occupied a territory in southern California for 16 consecutive years.
- By the time they are five days old, nestling Red-shouldered Hawks can shoot their feces over the edge of their nest. Bird poop on the ground is a sign of an active nest.
- These hawks eat more reptiles as a percentage of their diet than any North American hawk.