(Erinaceus europaeus) Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines. If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. They usually sleep in this position during the day and awaken to search for food at night. What does the Hedgehog eat? A Hedgehog is basically an insectivore and roots through hedges and undergrowth in search of small creatures. They feed on baby birds, mice, small mammals, snails, millipedes, snakes, earwigs, berries and even bees. How long do they live? The average lifespan of a hedgehog is 3.5 years. How many hedgehogs can be born at a time? Baby hedgehogs have a high mortality rate. Smaller species have 3-4 offspring and larger species have 5-6. It is a relief to the sows that the hoglets are born with very soft quills! They harden up after about a week. Where are they found? Hedgehogs are found in Europe, Northern Africa and Eastern Asia. They have been introduced into places such as the United States (as pets) and New Zealand, but these are not natural habitats.
- While on the hunt, they rely upon their senses of hearing and smell because their eyesight is weak.
- Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines. If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. They usually sleep in this position during the day and awaken to search for food at night.
- The hedgehog has a natural resistance to toxins and a high level of immunity to venom which allows the hedgehog to include bees, wasps and poisonous snakes in their diet.
- Not many creatures prey on hedgehogs; ferrets and owls being among the few that do.
- Hedgehogs swim, climb, and can run at speeds of 4.5 miles per hour.
- As a hedgehog picks its way through the hedges it emits pig like grunts—thus, the hedgehog.